Also known as: Cracked wheat, Dalia, Bulgar, Burghul, Fada, Bulgar Wheat.
Description: Broken wheat is made from whole raw wheat kernels which are crushed or cut into smaller pieces. There are a large number of uses for cracked wheat, and the food makes a popular dietary supplement in many cultures. It is made by milling wheat grains coarsely. Wheat is cleaned and husked and then processed to the required size. It is highly nutritious as it does not undergo refining. The broken wheat may be ground into coarse, medium and fine kernels.
Commonly used in: Porridge, upma, kheer, stuffings, salad etc.
Health benefit: Among other things, since broken wheat is made from whole wheat berries, it has a lot of nutrition and fiber since it includes the fiber and nutrient rich outer bran and germ of the wheat. Therefore, it is added to healthy diets. It is also a good source of iron, magnesium and phosphorus. Broken wheat is more nutritious than rice, because it contains more fiber, more vitamins and minerals, and has a better glycemic index than white rice or refined flour.